Not everything that they say is film noir, may be film noir.  It depends on what you consider to the elements of film noir to be, although you’d generally be looking for some luckless, dark and erotic tale of crime, generally in what is known as society’s underbelly.  In Phantom Lady (Robert Siodmark, 1944, starring Franchot Tone, Ella Raines, Alan Curtis, Elisha Cook, Jr, Thomas Gomez and Regis Toomey) we have most of that on show.  It’s one of the most purely enjoyable noirs out there — unpretentious, fast and pleasing to watch.  It has a frantic ‘rape by jazz’ drum scene, and is a high point of the sub-genre I call ‘The Wifelet Seeker Hero.’ 

 

Ella Raines brooding at the end of the bar

Then there’s the look, the essential noir look — low-key lighting, bleak urban settings and the cynical expressions on everybody’s faces.  Although all of these elements are present in Phantom Lady, you may be more tempted to think of it as a regular crime or thriller flick.  After all, every crime thriller from the 1940s doesn’t automatically have to be called noir — does it?  In fact Phantom Lady, in which an innocent businessman is accused of murdering his wife is much more like a Hitchcock film, which in this case is an apt comparison.

Apt, because the rights for Robert Siodmak’s Phantom Lady were bought from pulp crime novelist Cornell Woolrich by producer Joan Harrison, who had formerly been a secretary to Hitchcock, and like that other Cornell Woolrich adaptation, Rear Window (1954), Phantom Lady features an incapacitated male, leaving a strong female lead to take a determining role in the action of the story — fairly unusual for 1944.

Ella Raines

Ella Raines, a revelation

In fact, in Phantom Lady you’ll see a good deal about women struggling to come to terms with the metropolis in general, although the heroic figure of 'Kansas', played by Ella Raines is a revelation.  She is simply amazing, and holds the flick together with style, ease and a focused performance which you will adore.

Ella Raines' look is one of the most beautiful you will see in any film, and not just in this era.  And she is great at determining the feel of an entire room, with stillness and an amazing stare.  Her face is gorgeous, like nothing else, and amid the awful urban anomie, she appears as constantly vulnerable, but somehow also learning how to cope.

My favourite Ella Raines sequence in Phantom Lady is set in the first bar she haunts — and haunts is a great word.  Ella Raines sits at the end of the counter, night after night in the same position, a fearfully ambiguous look on her crystal clear face, lit expertly — the lighting in fact has to be your cue to the fact that this is noir — to answer my above point.

Phantom Lady was a hit, although Ella Raines (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Raines) didn’t appear to have too many of those, despite keeping busy in the 1940s and 1950s — and unlike in Rear Window, she is a female lead who when she gets going, just about extinguishes everybody else.  She turns vamp, and has her femininity and internal strength quoshed, as she plays dangerous on the streets, hooking up first with Elisha Cooke Jnr, who plays a very horny drummer, who will probably be one of your favourite characters.

Elisha Cooke Jnr (who appears in Electra Glide in Blue and Behave Yourself), participates with Ella Raines in the strangest set piece in Phantom Lady, which is a basement scene in which Ella as the Wicked Lady of the night is taken into a basement where a jazz band are playing in a tiny, empty concrete room, into which they barely fit.  It’s an odd scene, suggestive of the rising music craze of the time, and Elisha Cooke joins the band for a deeply mad drum solo — then leaves with his date, while the band still rock it up.

You can see that crazy, daft, hep, dippy, boozy, drunken, swinging cells of euphoric carnality here.

Elisha Cook is looking at Ella Raines' behind and is supposed to look like he's masturbating frantically — not  playing drums with his right hand.  When Cook does his big solo, with its double strokes, paradiddles and increasing sweat and effort, Ella Raines stands before him and comes to orgasm!  Someone called it ‘rape by jazz’.

Thomas Gomez and Franchot Tone

Despite what must amount to the most dramatic lighting effects of the era, overdone to perfection you might say, Phantom Lady loses the way slightly on the introduction of the psychopathic killer.  The psychopathic killer isn’t exactly a stock noir filler — the genre always deals with death, but does so powerfully when the motives are weakness, greed, desire, revenge and a feeling of being cornered.  Killing because you are obsessed with your hands (like Orlac, elsewhere, funnily enough) is just not the stuff of noir.

It means there are almost two films at work here.  The densely shadowed world of the innocent man in a jungle of sleaze, merging at the two/thirds mark into a much weaker psycho killer tale, in which the audience know all the facts, and the characters are left guessing.  The kind of guignol horror that Franchot Tone indulges in here just doesn’t fit with the great earlier images of the streets, basements, apartments and sleazy downtown surrounds that kick off Phantom Lady.  It can only really be believed if you accept that the cop knows everything all along, and is just playing the murderer to trip him up — which he does brilliantly in a great scene in which the full heights of mid-20th Century DIY analysis are played out in a theatre dressing room.

From critic Bosley Crwother had this to say at the time:

"We wish we could recommend it as a perfect combination of the styles of the eminent Mr. Hitchcock and the old German psychological films, for that is plainly and precisely what it tries very hard to be. It is full of the play of light and shadow, of macabre atmosphere, of sharply realistic faces and dramatic injections of sound. People sit around in gloomy places looking blankly and silently into space, music blares forth from empty darkness, and odd characters turn up and disappear. It is all very studiously constructed for weird and disturbing effects. But, unfortunately, Miss Harrison and Mr. Siodmak forgot one basic thing—they forgot to provide their picture with a plausible, realistic plot."

Time may have been kind, but I can't agree.  We don't always watch these films for plot these days anyhow, although it is fair to say that any analysis of the story of Phantom Lady is going to leave it lacking, that much is sure.  There's atmosphere and there are great characters, and the plot makes it to the end without too much of a struggle.  What's a stake here nowadays, is Phantom Lady's credentials as a film noir, and these are on plentiful show.

Here on YouTube is where I watched Phantom Lady (1944):

Part One: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-b44hDOnbKg
Part Two: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C57nKWR7hGY
Part Three: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yV86CWq0x1E
Part Four: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bCWNfin0gxQ
Part Five: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEBosJ9vxMI
Part Six: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EkV1Mk2mZLA